Root Canal Treatment (also known as Endodontics) is required when the core of the tooth becomes infected. If left untreated it can lead to a painful abscess or even loss of the tooth. This can be the consequence of dental decay, gum disease or injury.
In most cases you will not feel any pain or have major symptoms during the early stages of the infection - often the tooth may discolour and/or develop an abscess (larger tooth infection). Treatment becomes necessary if the tooth is to be saved.
We at Smile Care Dental Clinic, Airoli with our Root Canal specialist Dr. Umesh Tambe has performed more than 7000 thousand Root Canal Treatments.
Your teeth have a core of blood vessels and nerves at their centre. This living tissue is called the pulp and is occupied in a space called the root canal. The number of root canals in each tooth varies depending on how far back it is in your mouth.
Front teeth often have one root canal, while back teeth may have three or more. If your tooth is injured or has deep decay, the pulp can be damaged and the blood vessels may die. A "dead" tooth is likely to get infected.
Without treatment, a dental abscess (collection of pus) can form as the bacteria multiply and are forced beyond the end of the root. This can often cause pressure and pain.
If left untreated, the infection may spread to the nerves and surrounding tissues and cause nausea, fever and difficulty swallowing.Causes for root canal infection
A root canal infection may arise for various reasons, though the main problem is usually penetration of bacteria into the pulp. The reasons for root canal infections can be determined by how bacteria invade tooth pulp.The main causes of root canal infection.
- Dental decay allowing bacteria to penetrate into the pulp and infect it.
- A damaged or cracked tooth that opens the way for bacteria.
- An avulsed tooth that enables bacteria to penetrate into the pulp.
- Various kinds of tooth displacements due to intrusion, extrusion or subluxation.
- Sterile necrosis due to tooth concussion like tooth discoloration or calcified canals that can be detected by X-ray.
- Abnormality of tooth anatomy that enables bacteria to infect the pulp tissue.
Symptoms identified by the patients:
Dentists can determine the necessity for a root canal only through examination. Some symptoms that root canal work could be necessary might be
- Gum tenderness
- Severe pain
- Excessive swelling